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Post image for PERM Labor Certification Approval for Korean Dentist Beneficiary and Dental Group Petitioner in Cleveland Ohio

CASE: PERM Labor Certification    
EMPLOYER: Dental Group in Cleveland, OH
BENEFICIARY: Korean Dentist

Our client is from South Korea, who is currently working in the United States as an associate dentist under H-1B status. Her current employer was willing to do an immigration petition for her, second-preference. Our client has a Doctor of Dental Medicine degree in the United States. After talking to our client, our firm concluded that her employer can petition her as an associate dentist. Based on our client’s educational, professional and working backgrounds, our office determined that she is clearly eligible for EB-2 classification.

Prior to filing PERM, our firm prepared the prevailing wage request, job order, advertisements, internal job posting, recruitment report, and all other steps which are important pre-PERM filing. Take note that PERM could be filed at least 60 days from the job posting date or 30 days from the last ad. On February 10, 2017, the prevailing wage request was filed.  After we obtained the Prevailing Wage determination, our office filed the job order on May 16, 2017.  On August 4, 2017, we promptly filed PERM.  Eventually, on December 21, 2017, the PERM Labor Certification was approved – an EB2 position for the Korean beneficiary. Now our client can file the I-140 petition.

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Post image for Immigrant Visa Approval Based on Schedule A EB2 I-140 Petition for Filipino Nurse Manager in the Philippines

CASE: Immigrant Visa / I-140 (EB-2 Category) / Schedule A

EMPLOYER: Nursing Care Facility

BENEFICIARY: Filipino Nurse Manager in the Philippines

LOCATION: Manila, Philippines

Our client is in the Philippines. His prospective employer-sponsor was willing to petition him for a second-preference employment immigrant visa petition (I-140). Since he has a registered nurse license and the proffered position for him was a nurse manager at the nursing care facility, the petitioner wanted to try going for a “Schedule A” classification. They also wanted to do EB2 (requiring at least a Masters degree or Bachelors degree + 5 yrs experience).

The Department of Labor (DOL) maintains a schedule of occupations in its regulations, Schedule A included, for which the individual permanent labor certification procedure is not required. The schedule of pre-certified occupations is referred to as Schedule A, and is included in DOL regulations at 20 CFR 656.10. Based on an occupation’s inclusion on Schedule A, an employer may file an immigrant visa petition (I-140) directly with the (USCIS) without having to file a Labor Certification with the Department of Labor. Usually, prior to filing I-140 petitions (EB-2 or EB-3 category), the employer must file a Labor Certification to the Department of Labor. However, for Schedule A cases, the employer does not have to go through the labor certification process. We argued that the position of Health Services Manager should be classified under Schedule A. We argued that it falls under the broad spectrum of “professional nurse” occupations. We also argued that the job description has excerpts that fall under “professional nurse” and that the description justifies the requirements also of Bachelor’s degree in nursing and five years of related experiences.

Our client has a Bachelor’s degree in nursing and 5 years of experience as a registered nurse. He also has a registered nursing license in the state of Texas. Our office was retained and we started on the Prevailing Wage Determination filing and other related matters.

Once the prevailing wage was determined, we filed the I-140 application on March 6, 2017 via premium processing. We included a job offer letter, the notice of filing, employment letter, and other necessary supporting documents. In our cover brief, we included the “ability to pay” argument and why the nurse manager position falls under a Schedule A and EB2 designation.

Eventually, on March 21, 2017, the USCIS Texas Service Center approved his EB-2 I-140 petition.

After the approval of the I-140 petition, our client retained us again for his immigrant visa processing. Once we were retained, our office filed the immigrant visa packets to the National Visa Center on May 10, 2017, who in turn forwarded the client’s materials to the U.S. Embassy in Manila, Philippines. An interview notice was set for the client at the U.S. Embassy in Philippines. On December 18, 2017, our client appeared at the U.S. Embassy in Manila, Philippines. Eventually, on December 27, 2017, the Immigrant Visa was issued for our client.

With the approved Immigrant Visa, our client can come to the United States immediately, and he will get his green card within two months of entry.

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Post image for Ownership Interest H-1B Approval for Environmental Engineering Consulting Company Petitioner, Indian Water Engineer Beneficiary in Virginia

CASE: H-1B Extension

PETITIONER:  Environmental Engineering Consulting Company

BENEFICIARY: Indian Principal Consulting Environmental / Water Engineer

Our client is an Environmental Engineering Consulting Company in Fairfax, VA. They contacted our office in November 2017 to seek legal assistance from our office for their foreign employee’s H-1B Extension.  The beneficiary is from India and obtained his Bachelor’s degree and Master’s Degree in Civil / Environmental Engineering. The proffered position for the Beneficiary is a Principal Consulting Environmental / Water Engineer which we argued qualifies as a specialty occupation.  He has been working for the Petitioner on a valid H-1B visa. The beneficiary already used his H-1B status for 6 years, but he is entitled to get 3 year extension since he has an approved I-140 petition for him. Our office helped his previous H-1B extension and his H-1B extension was granted in December 2014.

After retention, our office filed the H-1B visa petition with various supporting documents on December 5, 2017 via premium processing. Eventually, without any RFE, our client’s H-1B extension was approved on December 13, 2017. Now the Beneficiary can continue for the Petitioner on an H-1B status until December 2020.

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Post image for J2 IGA (Over 21) Waiver of Two-Year Foreign Residency Requirement, Interested Government Agency Approval for Chinese Client in California

CASE: J-2 Waiver of Two-Year Foreign Residency Requirement / Over 21-year-old dependent child

NATIONALITY: Chinese

LOCATION: Mountain View, CA

Our client was a citizen of China who came to the U.S. on a J-2 Visa in September 1996.  He came with his father who came on a J-1 Visa for his research program in the United States. Both were subject to the two-year foreign residency requirement, meaning they had to go back to their home country for two-years before they can apply for permanent residency or some non-immigrant visa such as the H, L, and O visas.

After our client’s father’s J-1 program was completed, his family moved to Canada.

He turned 21 in 2015. He would like to get a waiver because he has a prospective employer who will file the H-1b petition for me next year. However, because of his two-year foreign residency requirement, our client cannot change his status in the United States without the fulfillment of requirement or the waiver.

Although J-2 dependents cannot independently apply for a waiver, in cases where a J-2 child reaches 21, the Waiver Review Division may consider requests for waivers on behalf of the J-2 dependent.  The Department of State’s policy allows for that process in instances where the J-2 dependent obtains a divorce form the J-1 principal, the J-1 principal dies, or in cases where the J-2 dependent turns 21, which is our client’s case. In fact, our client turned 21 in June 2015.

Our firm was retained to do his J-2 waiver, and on October 20, 2017, the J-2 Waiver application (Form DS-3035 and supporting documents) was filed to the Department of State. We also sent a request to the DOS to be an interested government agency and recommend this waiver based on the fact that our client reached the age of 21 and was not a dependent of a J-1 visa holder anymore.  Eventually, on November 10, 2017, the DOS recommended to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) that our client be granted a waiver.  On December 10, 2017, the USCIS issued an I-612 approval notice for our client’s waiver request.

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Post image for PERM Labor Certification Approval for Korean In-House Graphic and Web Design Specialist Beneficiary and Food / Restaurant Company Petitioner in Cleveland Ohio

CASE: PERM Labor Certification

EMPLOYER: Food / Restaurant Company

BENEFICIARY: Korean In-House Graphic / Web Design Specialist

LOCATION: Cleveland, OH

Our client has a prospective employer that was willing to petition her for a third-preference petition (I-140).  Our client has a bachelor’s degree in a graphic design in the United States and work experience. Based on our client’s education, professional and work background, our office determined that she was clearly eligible for EB-3 classification for her I-140 petition.  Our client eventually retained us in May 2016.

Prior to filing PERM, our firm prepared the prevailing wage request, job order, advertisements, internal job posting, recruitment report, and all other steps which are important pre-PERM filing. Take note that the PERM application could be filed at least 60 days from the job posting date or 30 days from the last ad. Within a week from our retention, the prevailing wage request was filed.  After we obtained the PW determination, our office filed the job order on November 4, 2016.  On April 7, 2017, we promptly filed PERM.

However, on August 22, 2017, the Department of Labor issued a request for audit. The DOL requested documents from Petitioner to determine whether the recruitment process was done properly. In response to the Audit request, our office prepared the response to Audit brief along with Employer’s declaration, notice of filing, and recruitment documentation on September 5, 2017.  

Eventually, on December 11, 2017, the PERM Labor Certification was approved – an EB3 position for the Korean beneficiary. Since her priority date is current, our client can file the I-140, I-485 green card application, and I-765 simultaneously.

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Post image for Registered Nurse Immigrant Visa Approval for Client in the Philippines

CASE: I-140 (EB-3 Category) / Schedule A

EMPLOYER: Nursing / Rehabilitation Center in Houston, TX

BENEFICIARY: Filipino Registered Nurse in the Philippines

LOCATION: Manila, Philippines

Our client’s beneficiary is a registered nurse from the Philippines licensed in the state of Texas. He came to the United States and currently studies in the United States on his F-1 status.  His current employer was willing to petition him for a third-preference employment immigrant visa petition (I-140).

Since she is a registered nurse, she is eligible for “Schedule A” classification. The Department of Labor (DOL) maintains a schedule of occupations in its regulations, Schedule A included, for which the individual permanent labor certification procedure is not required. The schedule of pre-certified occupations is referred to as Schedule A, and is included in DOL regulations at 20 CFR 656.10. Based on an occupation’s inclusion on Schedule A, an employer may file an immigrant visa petition (I-140) directly with the (USCIS) without first going to the DOL for a labor certification. Usually, prior to filing I-140 petitions (EB-2 or EB-3 category), the employer must file a Labor Certification to the Department of Labor. However, for Schedule A cases, the employer does not have to go through the labor certification process. The position of Professional Nurses is included in Schedule A.

Our client has a nursing degree and has worked for the sponsor-employer. Our firm told him that his employer can petition him as a Registered Nurse under the schedule A category. Our office was retained on July 24, 2014 and started on his Prevailing Wage Request.

We filed the I-140 application on November 7, 2014 via regular processing. We included the job offer letter, the notice of filing, and other necessary supporting documents.  Eventually, on June 24, 2015, the I-140 was approved without any RFE.  

Once his priority date became current, our client retained our office again for his immigrant visa processing. After his I-140 was approved, he went back to the Philippines and waited for his priority date becomes current. Once we were retained, our office filed the immigrant visa packets to the National Visa Center on July 31, 2017, who in turn forwarded the client’s materials to the U.S. Embassy in Manila, Philippines. An interview notice was set for the client at the U.S. Embassy in Philippines. On December 7, 2017, our client appeared at the U.S. Embassy in Manila, Philippines. Eventually, the Immigrant Visa was issued for our client.

With the approved Immigrant Visa, our client can come to the United States immediately, and he will get his green card within two months of entry.

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Post image for PERM Labor Certification Approval for Taiwanese Outpatient Services Clinician Beneficiary and Children’s Mental Health and Welfare Agency Petitioner in Columbus Ohio

CASE: PERM Labor Certification    
EMPLOYER: Children’s Mental Health and Child Welfare Agency
BENEFICIARY: Taiwanese Outpatient Services Clinician
LOCATION: Columbus, OH

Our client is a comprehensive children’s mental health and child welfare agency which was willing to petition for an Outpatient Services Clinician position for a second-preference petition (I-140).  Our client’s employee has a master’s degree in Social Administration and is currently working for them under H-1B status. After talking to our client, our firm concluded that this employer can petition her as an Outpatient Services Clinician.  Second preference petitions for Taiwanese people are current, which means that if a PERM Labor Certification for a second preference position gets approved, the I-140 and I-485 could be filed simultaneously. Based on our client’s prospective employee’s educational, professional and working backgrounds, our office determined that she is clearly eligible for EB-2 classification for her I-140 petition.  Our client eventually retained us on November 2, 2016.

Prior to filing PERM, our firm prepared the prevailing wage request, job order, advertisements, internal job posting, recruitment report, and all other steps which are important pre-PERM filing. Take note that PERM could be filed at least 60 days from the job posting date or 30 days from the last ad. On November 8, 2016, the prevailing wage request was filed.  After we obtained determined prevailing wage, our office filed the job order on February 16, 2017.  On July 14, 2017, we promptly filed PERM.  Eventually, on December 4, 2017, the PERM Labor Certification was approved – an EB2 position for the Taiwanese beneficiary. Now our client can file the I-140 petition.

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Post image for I-140 EB-3 Approval for Korean Taekwondo Coach Beneficiary and Taekwondo (Martial Arts) School Petitioner in Ohio

CASE: I-140 (EB-3)
EMPLOYER: Taekwondo (Martial Arts) School
BENEFICIARY: Korean
LOCATION: Ohio

Our client is a former Taekwondo athlete, who currently studies in the United States. He has a Taekwondo school which was willing to petition him for a third-preference petition (I-140).  Our client has a bachelor’s degree in a related field. After talking to our client, our firm concluded that his potential employer can petition him as a Taekwondo Coach.  Based on our client’s educational, professional and working backgrounds, our office determined that he is clearly eligible for EB-3 classification for his I-140 petition.  Our client eventually retained us on December 27, 2016.

Prior to filing PERM, our firm prepared the prevailing wage request, job order, advertisements, internal job posting, recruitment report, and all other steps which are important pre-PERM filing. Take note that PERM could be filed at least 60 days from the job posting date or 30 days from the last ad. On January 6, 2017, the prevailing wage request was filed.  After we obtained foreign degree evaluation report, our office filed the job order on March 29, 2017.  On July 18, 2017, we promptly filed PERM.  Eventually, on November 1, 2017, the PERM Labor Certification was approved – an EB3 position for the Korean beneficiary.

We then proceeded with the I-140 Petition filing. We submitted the “ability to pay” letter for the I-140 petition application. We included the job offer letter, employer’s tax records, and other necessary supporting documents.

The I-140 Petition was filed on November 13, 2017 via premium processing service. Eventually, on November 21, 2017, the I-140 EB3 Petition for our Korean client was approved without any Request for Evidence (RFE). He can file an I-485 adjustment of status application for his green at any time since his priority dates are current.

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Post image for EB-1C I-140 Petition Approval after Successful Response to RFE for Chinese General Manager and Child Care Center Petitioner in Cleveland Ohio

CASE: I-140 (EB-1C Category: Executives and Managers of Multinational Organizations)

EMPLOYER: Child Care Center in Cleveland, OH

BENEFICIARY: Chinese

LOCATION: Cleveland, OH

Our client is a Chinese company which has its US subsidiary in the greater Cleveland area.  In 2016, our client acquired a child development center which offered child care services to children from the age of 6 weeks to 12 years old. They contacted our office in the middle of August 2017 to seek legal assistance for a possible L-1A extension for their employee. He came from China in 2016 with his L-1A visa to work as a General Manager. In September 2017, he successfully extended his L-1A status through our legal assistance.

He contacted our firm again in October 2017 and retained us to respond to a Request for Evidence for his I-140 EB1C petition, which was originally filed by a different attorney. In 2016, his current employer filed this I-140 petition under the EB1C category, but the USCIS issued a Request for Evidence. He wanted us to handle his case and retained our office on October 5, 2017.

An employer can petition for its foreign employee under INA § 203(b)(1)(C) if it demonstrates the following: (C) Certain multinational executives and managers – An alien is described in this subparagraph if the alien, in the 3 years preceding the time of the alien’s application for classification and admission into the United States under this subparagraph, has been employed for at least 1 year by a firm or corporation or other legal entity or an affiliate or subsidiary thereof and the alien seeks to enter the United States in order to continue to render services to the same employer or to a subsidiary or affiliate thereof in a capacity that is managerial or executive.

According to the INA §101(a)(44), 8 U.S.C. §1101(a)(44) and 8 C.F.R §204.5(j)(2), “executive capacity” means an assignment in an organization in which the employee primarily: (1) Directs the management of the organization or a component or function; (2) Establishes goals and policies; (3) Exercise wide latitude in discretionary decision making; and (4) Receives only general supervision or direction from higher level executives, board of directors or stockholders.

Also, above the mentioned statutes define “managerial capacity” as an assignment with the organization in which the employee personally: (1) Manages the organization, department, subdivision, function or component; (2) Supervises and controls the work of other supervisory, professional or managerial employees, or manages an essential function within the organization or department or subdivision of the organization; (3) Has authority to hire and fire or recommend personnel actions (if another directly supervises employees), or if no direct supervision, functions at a senior level; and (4) Exercises discretion over day-to-day operations of the activity or function.

After our office was retained, we prepared a thorough cover letter and obtained all necessary supporting documents from our client and the petitioning company. In our brief, we clearly demonstrated that our client met the requirements set forth in the INA §203(b)(1)(C).  First, the prospective U.S. employer (Petitioner-Company) has been doing business for at least 1 year.  Second, the prospective employer (Petitioner) in the United States is the same employer or a subsidiary or affiliate of the firm or corporation or other legal entity by which the alien was employed abroad.  Third, if the worker is already employed in the United States, he or she was employed outside the United States for at least 1 year in the 3 years preceding admission as a non-immigrant in an executive or managerial capacity by the petitioner or by its parent branch, subsidiary, or affiliate. Last, the alien is to be employed in the United States in a managerial or executive capacity.

The RFE letter thoroughly requested our client to demonstrate the qualifying relationship between the parent company in China and his current employer. Moreover, the USCIS requested our client to show whether he met the requirement of “one year managerial or executive position abroad.”

On the application package, we included a detailed job offer letter, employment verification letter from our client’s previous employer (parent company), and an organization chart.  Also, we included evidence regarding the relationship between the Petitioner-Company and its Parent company in China.  The evidence included a copy of the certificate of ownership, a copy of the articles of incorporation, a copy the business registration certificate, a copy of the tax records, etc.  Our office filed the Response to RFE on November 3, 2017 with 39 exhibits (A to MM). Eventually, on November 15, 2017, the I-140 petition was approved.  Now, our client can file the I-485 adjustment of status application based on the approved I-140 petition.

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Post image for Green Card Approval (EB-2 NIW) for Korean Polymer Engineering Researcher in Akron Ohio

CASE: I-485 Adjustment of Status / National Interest Waiver

CLIENT: Korean

LOCATION: Akron Ohio

Our client contacted us in June 2015 about the possibility of doing a National Interest Waiver. He is a researcher from South Korea and he is an exceptional researcher and scientist in the field of polymer engineering.

Our client is an extraordinary researcher and engineer in the field of polymer engineering; specifically, the development of specialty polymer composites and dispersion technology of nano-particles/pigments. His significant contributions have placed him at the pinnacle of his field. His expertise is in the fields of chemical and materials science research. Throughout his research career, he has discovered new ways to synthesize polystyrene/silica composite particles which was highly evaluated by reviewers of various journals and by colleagues and experts in the field.

Upon review of his credentials and qualifications, our office determined that he was qualified for the National Interest Waiver (NIW) category. Being qualified for NIW is beneficial since you would not need an employer nor family member to petition for you for green card purposes. You’d be eligible for a self-petition and unless you are from China or India, in which case you’d still have to wait for priority dates to be current, you would be eligible to apply for adjustment of status (green card) immediately without any lag in priority dates.

As a primer, NIW applicants must have a master’s or higher degree. The landmark immigration case that discusses the standards for NIWs is Matter of New York State Department of Transportation, 22 I&N Dec. 215 (Comm.1998). This case held that the qualifying applicant must show the following elements in his or her I-140 NIW petition: First, it must be shown that the alien seeks employment in an area of substantial intrinsic merit. Next, it must be shown that the proposed benefit will be national in scope. Finally, the petitioner seeking the waiver must establish that the alien will serve the national interest to a substantially greater degree than would an available U. S. worker having the same minimum qualifications. (When we filed this case, Matter of Dhanasar, 26 I&N Dec. 884 (AAO 2016) was not issued yet. Thus, we still filed our client’s NIW under NYSDOT standard.)

Our office prepared a 20-page brief for our client’s NIW filing. Our client also obtained 6 letters of recommendation from his colleagues and internationally-recognized scientists. Our office also included his publication records, presentation records, patents, and conference materials in the NIW application. We demonstrated the intrinsic merit of our client’s research in the United States, the national scope of his research, and asserted that our client would serve the national interest to a substantially greater degree than would an available U.S. worker having the same minimum qualifications.

Our office filed his I-140(NIW) petition to the USCIS Nebraska Service Center on February 22, 2016. Eventually, on April 28, 2017, the USCIS approved his I-140 petition without any Requests for Evidence.  Our office filed his I-485 application along with his I-140 petition concurrently. On November 16, 2017, the USCIS approved his I-485 application as well. Now, he is a green card holder.

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